• Recognition

Dr. Abigail Devereaux’s first book now available

Dr. Abigail Devereaux’s first book “Explaining Technology” is now available as a free download through the Cambridge Elements site:

Explaining Technology (cambridge.org)

The book is co-authored along with Roger Koppl, Roberto Cazzolla Gatti, Brian D. Fath, James Herriott, Wim Hordijk, Stuart Kauffman, Robert E. Ulanowicz and Sergi Valverde.


A long tradition explains technological change as recombination. Within this tradition, this Element develops an innovative combinatorial model of technological change and tests it with 2,000 years of global GDP data and with data from US patents filed between 1835 and 2010. The model explains 1) the pace of technological change for a least the past two millennia, 2) patent citations and 3) the increasing complexity of tools over time. It shows that combining and modifying pre-existing goods to produce new goods generates the observed historical pattern of technological change. A long period of stasis was followed by sudden super-exponential growth in the number of goods. In this model, the sudden explosion of about 250 years ago is a combinatorial explosion that was a long time in coming, but inevitable once the process began at least two thousand years ago. This Element models the Industrial Revolution as a combinatorial explosion.